Abdominal Pain Symptoms & Treatment

Causes of abdominal Pain in Babies:

Abdominal pain is located area around the stomach. It is also known as stomachache, belly ache or food poisoning. It is associated by ‘fussy crying’ known as colic in children who are less than three months old. It is found in all children. It may cause by viral infection, overeating or a build up of gas. Sometimes, it is developed by stress.

Causes of abdominal pain in babies:

  • Stomach flu
  • Constipation
  • Gas from milk intolerance or overfeeding
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Injuries to the abdomen
  • Inguinal hernia
  • Malrotation
  • Pyloric stenosis
  • Appendicitis
  • Menstrual cramps
  • Food poisoning

Signs and symptoms:

It can appear from few minutes to days. Vomiting, nausea or diarrhea can be occurred in case of the disease associated by stomach flu. When it is caused by worry and stress, children may experience severe pain in the stomach. If it is caused by kidney infection or a bladder, patient may feel pain during urination. Other symptoms include flatulence, loose stools and bloating.


It is very difficult to diagnose the abdominal pain in babies due to they may unable explain the pain. Therefore, history of the baby’s symptoms will be asked by the doctor. Health care provider will also ask about history of vomiting, constipation, growth failure, fever, rashes, rectal bleeding or diarrhea. Rectal and stool examination will be recommended by the doctor to determine the disease. In some cases, a blood test will be preferred by the doctor.

Sometimes, doctor may examine baby’s spleen or liver for tenderness and size. If the disease is caused by carbohydrate malabsorption, a breath test will be performed. Colonoscopy, X-rays of the abdomen, barium enema, ultrasound of the abdomen and urine tests are also recommended by the doctor.


Types of treatment depend on the causes of disease. In almost cases of abdominal pain in babies, a diet of clear fluids will be prescribed by the doctor to treat the disease. Do not use medications like enemas, laxatives to reduce the pain unless health care provider has preferred these medications. Psychotherapy, relaxation and exercises may helpful to reduce the abdominal pain.

If baby is constipated, parents should motivate to their child to sit on the toilet, to pass a bowel movement. Surgery will be used by the doctor to remove the appendix in case of disease caused by appendicitis.

Peppermint is also very effective for relieving the abdominal pain. Medications such as Panadol, Babies’s Silapap, aspirin, Tylenol or Liquiprin can be used to reduce the symptoms of the disease. Various dehydration liquids such as Pedialyte or juices are recommended by the doctor. Parents should not offer caffeine to their child.

When to seek medical advice?

Consult the health care providers as soon as possible, if:

  • Severe pain in stomach
  • Severe or moderate dehydration
  • Blood in stool
  • Injuries to the area around the stomach
  • Pain during urination
  • Blood in the urine
  • Mucus or blood in diarrhea
  • Signs of dehydration such as decreased urination, dry mouth or lethargy