Common Cold Treatment | Common Cold Symptoms

Common Cold Symptoms in Children

A common cold is a disease of infection of respiratory tract. It can cause by infection of various viruses. Children may have a common cold eight to ten times a year. If symptoms are not reduce at right time, consult the health care providers to make sure one’s does not have a bacterial infection in larynx, sinuses, trachea, ears or lungs.

Signs and symptoms

  • Itchy or sore throat
  • Congestion
  • Stuffy or runny nose
  • Cough
  • Mild headache or body aches
  • Fever
  • Excessive fatigue
  • Watery eyes
  • Sneezing

During a common cold, discharge from nose may become green or yellow in color and thick.

Causes

The main cause of a common cold is infection of rhinovirus. It can also develop from infection of more than 200 viruses. A common cold can be transmitted from one person to another. Cold virus enters ones body easily through nose, hand or mouth. It can spread direct skin contact and through coughing and sneezing. It can easily transmit to other persons by sharing items such as towels, telephones, utensils or toys.

When to seek medical advice

Parents should seek medical help as soon as possible, if newborn baby:

  • Coughs up blood-tinged sputum
  • Refuses to accept fluids
  • Severe coughs to changes in skin color or cause vomiting
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Bluish area around the mouth and lips

Toughing it out

Baby’s immune system will need time to reduce the common cold. Antibiotics would not help to treat the cold in case of cold associated by infection of viruses. In case of child more than three years old, consult the health care provider at the first symptoms of disease. It can rapidly associate into pneumonia, croup or other serious health diseases for new born baby.

People can treat an older baby’s cold by following suggestions at home:

Drink large quantity of fluids

People should offer large amount of liquids such as juice or water to older babies. It can help loosen the congestion. In case of breast feeding, it is very effective, offers breast milk to newborn baby. It may help to protect from cold causing bacteria.

Suction baby’s nose

  • Baby’s nasal passages can be cleared with a rubber-bulb syringe.
  • Remove the syringe from baby’s nostril.
  • Insert the tip of the bulb about half inch to one-fourth inch into baby’s nostril.
  • Clean the bulb syringe with clean water and mild soap.

Try an OTC pain reliever

Use OTC pain reliever such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen for babies who are older than three months. Parents should note of any precautions or warnings. They should follow the directions which are printed on the drugs label.

Thin the mucus

To loosen thick nasal mucus, saltwater nasal spray and saline nose drops will be recommended by the baby’s health care provider.

Avoid other cold medications and cough suppressants

Parents should not use other cold medications for babies to reduce a common cold. They also avoid cough suppressants to reduce the signs and symptoms of the disease.

Prevention:

  • Parents should avoid public transportation with newborn child.
  • They should keep baby away from sick person.
  • Wash hand with water and soap before caring or feeding for newborn baby.
  • Regularly, clean baby’s pacifiers and toys.